DETAIL KOLEKSI

Analisis Karakteristik Sampah Di Tempat Penampungan Sampah Sementara (studi Kasus : Tps Kecamatan Tambora, Jakarta Barat)


Oleh : Nur Afni Apriana Gea

Info Katalog

Penerbit : FALTL - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2011

Pembimbing 1 : Dwi Indrawati

Pembimbing 2 : Pramiati Purwaningrum

Subyek : Solid waste - Management of the environment

Kata Kunci : the load transfer station, physical composition, chemical composition


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2011_TA+STL_08205020_Halaman-judul.pdf 604.38
2. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Bab-1.pdf 508.91
3. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Bab-2.pdf 63.66
4. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Bab-3.pdf 508.91
5. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Bab-4.pdf 147.57
6. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Bab-5.pdf 394.72
7. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Bab-6.pdf 26.46
8. 2011_TA_STL_08205020_Daftar-pustaka.pdf 27.96
9. 2011_TA+STL_08205020_Lampiran.pdf 1489.89

T Tingginya pertumbuhan penduduk di dalam kota, khususnya kota Jakarta, maka timbul berbagai permasalahan, antara lain masalah kebersihan. Kecamatan Tambora merupakan salah satu kecamatan di Jakarta Barat dengan jumlah penduduk pada tahun 2009 sekitar 259.854 jiwa. Wilayah ini berbatasan langsung dengan Kotamadya Jakarta Utara. Data komposisi, dan karakteristik sampah sangat diperlukan dalam kajian pilihan sistem pengolahan persampahan. Untuk itu, dilakukan penelitian tentang komposisi, dan karakteristik sampah di Tempat Penampungan Sampah Sementara (TPS) di Kelurahan Tanah Sereal dan Kelurahan Pekojan. Pengambilan sampel sampah di TPS dilakukan selama delapan hari berturut-turut. Dari data kecamatan diketahui volume sampah sebesar 1.041 m3/hari. Komposisi fisik sampah di TPS didominasi oleh sampah organik sekitar 60,83% yang terdiri atas sampah dapur (sisa makanan) (60%), dan sampah halaman (0,83%), sedangkan sampah anorganik sebesar 39,17% yang terdiri atas tekstil katun (22,99%), plastik (9,78%), kertas (1,32%), gelas/kaca (0,76%), besi (0,29%), logam (0,19%), kayu (0,08%), karet (0,02) dan lain-lain (3,51%). Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa komposisi kimia sampah rata-rata kadar kelembaban 76,90%, kadar abu 3,98% dan kandungan energi 4191 kkal/kg. Berdasarkan dari hasil komposisi fisik dan komposisi kimia sampah di TPS Kecamatan Tambora maka pengolahan sampah yang dapat diterapkan di TPS Kecamatan Tambora adalah composting sebesar 60,91% (organik, kayu, kertas) dan daur ulang sebesar 35,56% (kertas, plastik, kaleng, kaca, kain, besi dan logam).

T The high population growth in the cities, especially the city of Jakarta, has made various problems, such as hygiene problems. Kecamatan Tambora was one of the districts in West Jakarta with a population in 2009 of approximately 259,854 inhabitants. This area is adjacent to the North Jakarta district. The composition data, and characteristics of solid waste are really needed as an option of the assessment of waste treatment system. For that reason, the research of the composition and characteristics of waste for the load transfer station in the Tanah Sereal district and Pekojan district is carefully conducted. Sampling was conducted for eight days at a stretch. From the district known to the volume of waste data for 1041 m3/day. Physical composition of waste in the load transfer station is approximately dominated by 60.83% of organic waste which consists of kitchen waste (food scraps) (60%), and garden waste (0.83%), while the inorganic waste amounting to 39.17%, which consists of textiles cotton (22.99%), plastics (9.78%), paper (1.32%), glass (0.76%), iron (0.29%), metals (0.19%), wood (0.08%), rubber (0.02) and others (3.51%). The research has shown us that the chemical composition of waste has moisture content of 76.90%, 3.98% ash content and energy content of 4191 kcal / kg. Based on the research of the physical composition and chemical composition of waste in the load transfer station Tambora District, the waste that can be proceeded in the load transfer station of Tambora area is 60,91% for the composting of organic, wood, paper and 35.56% of reusable material for paper, plastic, cans, glass, cloth, iron and metal.

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