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Pengaruh durasi penyikatan gigi menggunakan activated charcoal powder teeth whitening terhadap kekerasan email (laporan penelitian)

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Oleh : Chitra Meizalia

Info Katalog

Nomor Panggil : 617.634.2 CHI p

Penerbit : FKG - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2019

Pembimbing 1 : drg. Dina Ratnasari, Sp.KG.

Subyek : Teeth - Bleaching;Activation analysis - Methods

Kata Kunci : activated charcoal powder, enamel hardness, duration


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Halaman-Judul.pdf 1070.79
2. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-1.pdf 663.8
3. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-2.pdf 814.18
4. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-3.pdf 669.12
5. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-4.pdf 1159.21
6. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-5.pdf 829.65
7. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-6.pdf 672.47
8. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Bab-7.pdf 655.66
9. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Daftar-Pustaka.pdf 768.13
10. 2019_TA_KG_040001500040_Lampiran.pdf 1636

L Latar belakang: Masalah perubahan warna gigi di kalangan masyarakat menyebabkan ketidakpercayaan diri masyarakat meningkat. Perubahan warna gigi disebabkan oleh faktor ekstrinsik dan faktor intrinsik. Faktor ekstrinsik di antaranya makanan dan minuman seperti kopi dan teh, obat-obatan, dan obat kumur. Dalam hal ini masyarakat percaya bahwa menggunakan activated charcoal powder dalam menyikat gigi dapat memutihkan dan mencerahkan warna gigi, tetapi masyarakat tidak mengetahui dampak yang akan ditimbulkan seperti terjadinya penurunan kekerasan email. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh durasi penyikatan gigi menggunakan activated charcoal powder terhadap kekerasan email. Metode: Sampel yang digunakan adalah permukaan bukal premolar atas dan bawah. Setelah dilakukan mounting dan polishing, dilakukan pengukuran kekerasan awal email. Kemudian, dilakukan penyikatan menggunakan activated charcoal powder dan air distilasi selama 4 menit 40 detik dan 14 menit. Kekerasan email diukur menggunakan alat micro Vickers hardness test. Hasil: Terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara penyikatan menggunakan activated charcoal powder dengan air distilasi (p = 0,000). Terdapat perbedaan yang tidak bermakna antara durasi penyikatan menggunakan activated charcoal powder selama 4 menit 40 detik dan 14 menit (p = 0,759). Kesimpulan: Pemakaian activated charcoal powder dalam proses penyikatan gigi dapat menurunkan kekerasan email.

B Background: Tooth discoloration in the community has led to the increased of self-distrust. Tooth discoloration is caused by extrinsic factors and intrinsic factors. Extrinsic factors include food and drinks such as coffee and tea, drugs, and mouthwash. In this case the community believes that using activated charcoal powder for brushing teeth can whiten and brighten the color of the teeth. However, the public does not know the impact that can happen such as the decrease in enamel hardness. Objective: To determine the effect of tooth brushing duration using activated charcoal powder against enamel hardness. Method: The sample used were the buccal surface of the upper and lower premolars. After mounting and polishing, the initial hardness of the email was measured. Then, brushing using activated charcoal powder and distillation water is carried out for 4 minutes 40 seconds and 14 minutes. Enamel hardness was measured using a micro Vickers hardness test. Results: There was significant difference between brushing using activated charcoal powder with distilled water (p = 0.000). There was no significant difference between brushing using activated charcoal powder for 4 minutes 40 seconds and 14 minutes (p = 0.759). Conclusion: The use of activated charcoal powder in the tooth brushing process can reduce the enamel hardness.

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