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Hubungan Frekuensi Merokok Kretek Terhadap Smoker's Melanosis dan Stomatitis Nikotina: Kajian pada Buruh Tenaga Kerja Bongkar Muat Pelabuhan Tanjung Perak - Surabaya (Laporan Penelitian)


Oleh : Andree Darkim

Info Katalog

Nomor Panggil : 616.31 Dar h

Penerbit : FKG - Usakti

Kota Terbit : Jakarta

Tahun Terbit : 2014

Pembimbing 1 : drg. Enny Marwati Suwandi, M.Kes.

Subyek : Oral Medicine

Kata Kunci : smoker’s melanosis, nicotine stomatitis, prevalence, kretek cigarette


File Repositori
No. Nama File Ukuran (KB) Status
1. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-5.pdf 157.78
2. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Daftar-Pustaka.pdf 1181.61
3. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-7.pdf 74.98
4. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-6.pdf 107.97
5. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-2.pdf 120.29
6. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-3.pdf 93.51
7. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-4.pdf 98.61
8. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Bab-1.pdf 85.55
9. 2014_TA_KG_04010014_Halaman-Judul.pdf 2674.89

M Merokok merupakan suatu kebiasaan buruk yang dapat menimbulkan berbagai kelainan. Selain menimbulkan penyakit kronis seperti kanker paru, kanker mulut, stroke, merokok juga dapat menimbulkan lesi di mulut. Smoker’s melanosis dan stomatitis nikotina merupakan lesi yang biasanya ditemukan pada mukosa mulut perokok. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari adanya hubungan antara frekuensi merokok kretek terhadap smoker’s melanosis dan stomatitis nikotina. Jenis dan rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analitik observasional. Sampel terdiri atas 51 orang buruh tenaga kerja bongkar muat pelabuhan Tanjung Perak di Surabaya yang berusia antara 25 tahun sampai 62 tahun. Subyek yang dipilih merupakan perokok yang setiap harinya menghisap rokok minimal 1 batang per hari dan telah merokok selama minimal 10 tahun. Pada subyek penelitian dilakukan wawancara terlebih dahulu, kemudian dilanjutkan dengan pemeriksaan klinis pada rongga mulutnya. Data hasil penelitian yang diperoleh diuji menggunakan uji Pearson Chi Square dan Fisher’s Exact Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ditemukan adanya hubungan antara frekuensi merokok kretek dengan smoker’s melanosis (P=0,070) dan stomatitis nikotina (P=0,062). Prevalensi smoker’s melanosis ditemukan tinggi yaitu sebanyak 85,19% pada perokok sedang dan 100% pada perokok berat, sedangkan prevalensi stomatitis nikotina ditemukan sebanyak 14,81% pada perokok sedang dan 37,5% pada perokok berat.Tidak ada hubungan secara statistik antara frekuensi merokok kretek terhadap smoker’s melanosis dan stomatitis nikotina.

S Smoking is a habit that caused several disease. Beside chronic disease such as lung cancer, mouth cancer, stroke, smoking also caused a mucosal lesion. Smoker’s melanosis and nicotine stomatitis were two most common lesion found in smoker’s oral mucosa. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between frequency of kretek smoking on Smoker’s melanosis and nicotine stomatitis. The study design of this research is analytical observational. A total of 51 labors of Tanjung Perak port in Surabaya with an age range from 25 – 62 years participated in this study. The case group used to smoke at least 1 cigarette a day since at least 10 years ago. They were interviewed first and then clinically examined. Fisher’s Exact Test and Pearson Chi Square were performed to test the research result. The result show that there were no significant correlations found between the frequency of kretek smoking on smoker’s melanosis (P=0,070) and nicotine stomatitis (P=0,062). The prevalence of smoker’s melanosis found 85,19% on moderate smokers and 100% on heavy smokers while the prevalence of nicotine stomatitis found 14,81% on moderate smokers and 37,5% on heavy smokers. There were no statistic correlation between the frequency of kretek smoking on smoker's melanosis and stomatitis nicotine. Smoking is a habit that caused several disease. Beside chronic disease such as lung cancer, mouth cancer, stroke, smoking also caused a mucosal lesion. Smoker’s melanosis and nicotine stomatitis were two most common lesion found in smoker’s oral mucosa. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between frequency of kretek smoking on Smoker’s melanosis and nicotine stomatitis. The study design of this research is analytical observational. A total of 51 labors of Tanjung Perak port in Surabaya with an age range from 25 – 62 years participated in this study. The case group used to smoke at least 1 cigarette a day since at least 10 years ago. They were interviewed first and then clinically examined. Fisher’s Exact Test and Pearson Chi Square were performed to test the research result. The result show that there were no significant correlations found between the frequency of kretek smoking on smoker’s melanosis (P=0,070) and nicotine stomatitis (P=0,062). The prevalence of smoker’s melanosis found 85,19% on moderate smokers and 100% on heavy smokers while the prevalence of nicotine stomatitis found 14,81% on moderate smokers and 37,5% on heavy smokers. There were no statistic correlation between the frequency of kretek smoking on smoker's melanosis and stomatitis nicotine.

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